Origin and excellent value of soybeans

Soybeans are an Asian legume that is an important source of protein in many modern diets.

Soy plants have scientific name: Glycine max, family: Fabaceae, set: Fabales and root in Central and South America. Soybean (soybean) is a very protein-rich plant because it contains a significant amount of non-replaceable amino acids needed by the body.

Soybean (soybean) is a very protein-rich plant

Soybean (soybean) is a very protein-rich plant. Image: Pixabay

Around 1100 BC, Chinese farmers first domesticated soybeans. Since then, cultures around the world have cultivated soybeans as a food source.

In the 1920s, AE Staley Production Company began to crush soybeans and produced two new products: unrefined soybean oil and defatted soy flour. Unrefined soybean oil soon became an important component in margarine and shortening, while defatted soy flour became a major ingredient in animal feed.

Today soybeans and soy products are both important commodities in the global market.

Where does soy come from?

The United States is the largest soybean producer

The United States is the largest soybean producer. Image: Pixabay

The United States is the largest soybean producer and usually accounts for about one-third of the global supply. Brazil and Argentina are the second and third largest producers, respectively. These three countries account for more than 80% of global annual soybean production.

Other important manufacturers include China, India, Paraguay, Canada, Mexico and the European Union.

In Vietnam, annual soybean crop area is still not high. This can come from many reasons but one of the biggest obstacles is that farmers still have defects in farming techniques and pest management. Soybeans are concentrated in the Mekong Delta provinces (An Giang and Dong Thap); In the North this is a soybean crop grown in the provinces of Hebei, Lang Son, Cao Bang…

In 2014, Vietnam had more than 120 thousand hectares of soybean plants. Vietnam’s soybean production is 176.4 thousand tons / year (2014).

How is soybeans grown?

Image: Pixabay

The farmer will choose the best seeds. The seed will grow and grow into a young plant within four to seven days.

They grow in warm climates, have plenty of water and plenty of sun.

The growing season in the United States is between May and July. The harvest season occurs around September when the crop is fully grown. Soybeans grow in conditions very similar to maize. Therefore, many farmers plant both types of trees on the same land.

At the beginning of the planting season, which farmer will he choose to plant. To make this economically sound decision, they compared the future price of new crops for each of the two commodities.

December is the new planting month for maize, while for soybeans it is November. Therefore, the relationship between corn and soybean prices is an important inter-commodity spread.

Corn-soybean spread is the number of bushels of corn needed to buy a bushel of soybeans. When ratios are below 2.2: 1, corn is historically expensive, while ratios above 2.4: 1 signal historically expensive soybeans.

3 value of soy

Soybean oil

Soybean processors extract soybean oil. It can then be refined into cooking oil or used as an ingredient in food products such as margarine, salad dressings and mayonnaise.

Many breads, crackers, crackers, cookies, and baked goods also contain soybean oil. Biodiesel manufacturers also buy soybean oil and use it to make fuel.

Image: Pixabay

Soy flour

Soybean meal remaining after oil extraction can be baked and prepared as animal feed for poultry, pigs, cattle and other farm animals.

Other uses

Soybeans are used in a variety of other products: Biosynthesis construction materials. Particle board, laminated plywood and wood products, commercial carpets and home upholstery, solvents and industrial lubricants, soy ink and crayons, foams for automotive…

Source: From many sources